Tiempo Climate Cyberlibrary
LDCs in the Climate Negotiations
About the Cyberlibrary
The Tiempo Climate Cyberlibrary was developed by Mick Kelly and Sarah Granich on behalf of the Stockholm Environment Institute and the International Institute for Environment and Development, with sponsorship from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.
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Climate change is of vital importance to Bangladesh and many other developing countries, including the Least Developed Countries (LDCs). Northern countries have polluted the most, but Southern countries are feeling the impacts of climate change.
The Prime Minister of Bangladesh is deeply concerned. She emphasizes that it is a question of Northern lifestyles being threatened, but Southern lives. Bangladesh and the LDCs face many problems in the climate negotiations. The Group of G77 and China is composed of many different interests and groups. It includes big developing country players and also the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). The Association of Small Island States (AOSIS) is vocal, but more people live on river islands in Bangladesh than in all AOSIS countries combined.
Even with the Kyoto Protocol, global warming and climate change impacts will continue. We must, therefore, maintain pressure for mitigation measures and press the biggest polluters to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. OPEC has linked the impact of burning fossil fuels and industry with the adaptation agenda. This makes progress slow. LDCs want to de-link these two issues.
We ask for adequate funds for the Special Climate Change Fund and the LDC Fund to help us meet adaptation needs. And we ask for capacity building and technology transfer for Clean Development Mechanism projects and adaptation measures.
The connection between climate change and poverty needs emphasizing, especially for LDCs. It can be hard to make our voices heard, but Bangladesh is quite vocal in the LDC Group. We have secured a special fund for drawing up National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs). We now need funding for projects identified in the NAPAs.
LDCs have limited resources. Finances are only available for one delegate per country to attend negotiations, but we need more delegates because sometimes several groups meet simultaneously. At the Ninth Conference of the Parties (COP9), we included civil society members, including university teachers and scientists, as delegation members to improve negotiating capacity. LDCs suffer language problems, as most meetings are in English.
Awareness at the policy level needs to increase. Institutional memory is also a problem and continuity gets lost. Attending only one or two meetings is not enough to understand the complexity of the process and build up a rapport with other delegates. LDCs could negotiate more forcefully if they could meet a few months ahead of every Conference of the Parties.
General Electric plans to cut solar installation costs by half
Project 90 by 2030 supports South African school children and managers reduce their carbon footprint through its Club programme
Bath & North East Somerset Council in the United Kingdom has installed smart LED carriageway lighting that automatically adjusts to light and traffic levels
The United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the American Public Gardens Association are mounting an educational exhibit at Longwood Gardens showing the link between temperature and planting zones
The energy-efficient Crowne Plaza Copenhagen Towers hotel is powered by renewable and sustainable sources, including integrated solar photovoltaics and guest-powered bicycles
El Hierro, one of the Canary Islands, plans to generate 80 per cent of its energy from renewable sources
The green roof on the Remarkables Primary School in New Zealand reduces stormwater runoff, provides insulation and doubles as an outdoor classroom
The Weather Info for All project aims to roll out up to five thousand automatic weather observation stations throughout Africa
SolSource turns its own waste heat into electricity or stores it in thermal fabrics, harnessing the sun's energy for cooking and electricity for low-income families
The Wave House uses vegetation for its architectural and environmental qualities, and especially in terms of thermal insulation
The Mbale compost-processing plant in Uganda produces cheaper fertilizer and reduces greenhouse gas emissions
At Casa Grande, Frito-Lay has reduced energy consumption by nearly a fifth since 2006 by, amongst other things, installing a heat recovery system to preheat cooking oil