Tiempo Climate Cyberlibrary

Features, Short Reports, Comment and Interviews


About the Cyberlibrary

The Tiempo Climate Cyberlibrary was developed by Mick Kelly and Sarah Granich on behalf of the Stockholm Environment Institute and the International Institute for Environment and Development, with sponsorship from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.

While every effort is made to ensure that information on this site, and on other sites that are referenced here, is accurate, no liability for loss or damage resulting from use of this information can be accepted.

Addressing the Mismatch in Adaptation Planning in Nepal
Bimal Regmi and Ramu Subedi consider the lessons of the National Adaptation Programme of Action process in Nepal and the role of local and community-based planning. Published September 2011

Indigenous Adaptation Strategies: Small-scale Farming in Uganda
Ben Twinomugisha describes small-scale farmers' livelihoods and food security strategies in Uganda. Published July 2011

Putting Farmers First for Biofuel Production
Timothy Singer and Matthew Basinger present key findings and lessons from a survey of jatropha farmers in Koulikoro, Mali. Published April 2011

Linking Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction
Roopa Rakshit shares the outcomes and take-home messages that emerged during discussions at a Bangkok seminar on linking disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation. Published January 2011

Progress in Cancún
Sarah Granich and Mick Kelly report on the lead-up to the Cancún climate summit and its outcome. Published January 2011

Whose Prize?
Sunita Narain argues that the Cancún outcome favours only the rich. Published January 2011

Remembering Minorities in Climate Action
James S Pender argues that minorities warrant greater consideration in local, national and international responses to the climate threat. Published January 2011

Cancún Sets Important Adaptation Processes into Motion
Sven Harmeling argues that, as far as adaptation is concerned, the Cancún Climate Summit was a small step in the right direction. Published December 2010

Perception, Power and Participation
Chiara Bianchizza describes how perception, power and participation are crucial ingredients in reducing vulnerability to climate change in Bangladesh. Published December 2010

Cyclone Sidr: What Have We Learnt
Md Nadiruzzaman argues that we need to learn from past experience of the impact of natural hazards if we are to deal effectively with these events in the future. Published November 2010

Copenhagen's Climate Finance Pledges
J Timmons Roberts considers how to ensure that the climate finance pledges made in Copenhagen actually materialize. Published November 2010

Real Action on Adaptation
Sven Harmeling argues that a paradigm shift on adaptation is essential. Published October 2010

Engaging Local Society in the Research Process
Luong Quang Huy describes a participatory research approach designed to empower local communities in adapting to socio-economic trends and climate change. Published September 2010

On the Road to Cancún
The pace of the international climate negotiations has speeded up as the Cancún climate summit approaches. Newswatch editors Mick Kelly and Sarah Granich report on the latest developments. Published September 2010

Ecosystems and Adaptation
James Waters argues the importance of ecosystems and ecosystem services for poor urban communities likely to be affected by climate change. Published July 2010

Community Adaptation in a Small Island Developing Country
Leone Limalevu, Bill Aalbersberg, Patrina Dumaru and Tony Weir suggest some general lessons for community-based adaptation projects in a small developing country. Published July 2010

Solar Power for the Poor
David Dickson argues that, as technological obstacles to the efficient use of solar energy diminish, economic and political challenges remain to its widespread adoption by the poor. Published April 2010

A World Divided?
The Copenhagen climate summit exposed serious rifts within the international community. Newswatch editors Mick Kelly and Sarah Granich report on the summit's outcome and its aftermath. Published March 2010

Status Report of Nepal
The Association for Development of Environment and People in Transition - Nepal presents a status paper prepared for the Copenhagen climate summit in December 2010. Published February 2010

Gender and Climate Change in the Himalayas
The Asia Pacific Mountain Network reports on an e-discussion, held in October 2009, on gender and climate change in the Himalayas. Published December 2009

Affluent Diets and Climate Change
John Powles explains why the diets of the rich and the poor are central to climate change policy. Published December 2009

Interview with Erana Walker
In a Newswatch interview, Erana Walker talks of her expectations of the Copenhagen climate summit and about her experience of climate action at the community level. Published December 2009

Mainstreaming Adaptation
M J Mwandosya, Minister of Water and Irrigation in the government of the United Republic of Tanzania, considers key issues in implementing adaptation measures. Published October 2009

Adaptation and Health in Zambia
George Kasali describes key factors that make Zambia's health sector vulnerable to climate change, focusing on malaria and the impacts of floods and droughts. Published October 2009

Climate and Health in Bhutan
Dago Tschering and Gyambo Sithey identify the main areas in which Bhutan is at risk from adverse climate change effects on health. Published October 2009

Malaria in Cotonou, Benin
Krystel Dossou describes how climate change could affect malaria prevalence in the city of Cotonou in Benin. Published October 2009

Does Kyoto have a Future?
With only five negotiating days left before the critical climate treaty negotations in Copenhagen in December, just how much can be achieved? Newswatch editors Sarah Granich and Mick Kelly report. Published October 2009

Health Impacts in Poor Nations
Hannah Reid describes the range of direct and indirect impacts that climate change could have on health in poorer countries. Published August 2009

Climate and Health Issues for Least Developed Countries
Sari Kovats describes research and policy priorities needed to address links between climate change and health in the Least Developed Countries. Published August 2009

Adaptation by Ribbon Cutting
Robert Kay argues that a desire for grand ceremonies must not be allowed to skew decisions regarding approaches to adaptation. Published July 2009

Seeing REDD in the Amazon
Virgilio Viana argues that REDD in the Amazon is a win for people, trees and climate. Published June 2009

Greenhouse Development Rights
Sivan Kartha describes an innovative scheme for allocating emissions targets that preserves development priorities. Published June 2009

Bonn Voyage
The latest round in the negotiations leading up to the critical meeting on the future of the climate treaty in Copenhagen in December this year took place in Bonn in early June. Newswatch editors Mick Kelly and Sarah Granich report. Published June 2009

Indus Basin Water Resources
Agha Ali Akram advocates demand management for optimal adaptation to trends in water resources in the Indus Basin resulting from climate change. Published May 2009

Interview with Heleen de Coninck
In a Newswatch interview, Heleen de Coninck discusses the allocation of national targets based on individual emissions. Published May 2009

Progress Implementing National Adaptation Programmes of Action
Jessica Ayers discusses vulnerability projects identified by National Adaptation Programmes of Action for the Least Developed Countries. Published May 2009

Challenge for the Climate Action Network
Astrid Westerlind Wigström tasks the Network with becoming more responsive to developing country interests at international negotiations. Published April 2009

Climate Change and Nepalese Youth
Abhishek Shrestha reports on the role of Nepalese youth in climate change activities. Published February 2009

Can Disasters Help to Improve a Country's Economy?
The Asia Pacific Mountain Network reports on an e-discussion, held in July 2008, on whether or not natural disasters can improve a national economy. Published February 2009

Mixed Signals from Poland
The 14th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and various related meetings took place in Poznań, Poland, December 1st-12th 2008. Newswatch editors Mick Kelly and Sarah Granich report. Published December 2008

Too Much of a Good Thing
Gwen Young, Barry Smit, Johanna Wandel and Humberto Zavala describe vulnerability to water resources under climate change in the semi-arid Elqui Valley, Chile. Published November 2008

NGOs: Running on Empty?
Megan Rowling finds that confused definitions and capacity constraints are holding back aid agencies’ responses to climate change adaptation. Published November 2008

On Course to Copenhagen?
Gunnar Boye Olesen discusses issues facing participants in the climate negotiations in Poznań, Poland, December 2008. Published November 2008

Interview with Mickey Glantz
In a Newswatch interview, Mickey Glantz discusses the role of social science in climate research and policy development. Published October 2008

Climate Change Costs in Namibia
James MacGregor quantifies the costs of climate change on Namibia’s natural resource dependent economy and people. Published October 2008

Energy in the Pacific
Tom Roper considers action that energy utilities can take in vulnerable Pacific island countries. Published September 2008

Focus on Accra
The latest round of climate negotiations took place in Ghana in August 2008. Newswatch editors Sarah Granich and Mick Kelly report. Published September 2008

Key Climate Treaty Components
Maumoon Abdul Gayoom stresses the human aspects of climate change and describes the key components of a good post-2012 climate agreement. Published August 2008

Building the Resilience of Mountain Communities to Climate Change
The Asia Pacific Mountain Network reports on an e-discussion on building the resilience of mountain communities to climate change held in May 2008. Published July 2008

From Bonn to Toyako
The Bonn Climate Change Talks took place in June 2008. Newswatch editors Mick Kelly and Sarah Granich report on these negotiations and on related developments. Published July 2008

Green Growth in the Asia-Pacific Region
Rae Kwon Chung, on behalf of the Environment and Sustainable Development Division at the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia, outlines an approach to sustainable economic growth that is being promoted for the nations of Asia and the Pacific. Published April 2008

Climate Change and Cities
David Satterthwaite explains why urban areas are central to adaptation and mitigation agendas. Published April 2008

From Bali to Copenhagen
The pace of the climate negotiations has quickened in order to meet the deadline set by the Bali Action Plan. Newswatch editor Mick Kelly reports. Published April 2008

Adaptation to Climate Change - Where Do We Go from Bali?
Sven Harmeling considers the next steps in meeting the challenge of adaptation. Published March 2008

Asia-Pacific Partnership
Christoph Holtwisch analyses the current development of the Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate, contrasting the Partnership with the traditional climate regime. Published February 2008

Interview with Rob Allan
In a Newswatch interview, Rob Allan discusses new work aimed at extending the instrumental climate record that should benefit the scientific community, policy makers and everyday users of climate information. Published February 2008

A Reason for Optimism
Gary Yohe discusses a significant change in attitude towards climate risk on the part of the international community. Published January 2008

National Adaptation Programmes of Action: Priorities and Policies
Bubu Pateh Jallow and Thomas Downing describe five challenges faced by the National Adaptation Programme of Action teams and the international climate policy community. Published January 2008

The Bali Roadmap
The latest round of the climate negotiations took place in Bali, Indonesia, in December 2007. Newswatch editors Sarah Granich and Mick Kelly report. Published December 2007

Interview with Boni Biagini
In a Newswatch interview, Boni Biagini reflects on the National Adaptation Programme of Action process to date from a Global Environment Facility perspective. Published December 2007

The National Adaptation Programme of Action Process
Mozaharul Alam describes the next steps needed under the National Adaptation Programmes of Action process in the Asia and Pacific region. Published December 2007

Disaster Reduction Measures for Typhoons and Floods
James Lewis discusses the need for a comprehensive approach to limiting typhoon and flood impacts. Published November 2007

National Adaptation Programmes of Action: Lessons Learnt in Africa
Balgis Osman-Elasha and Thomas Downing describe the lessons learned from preparing National Adaptation Programmes of Action in eastern and southern Africa. Published November 2007

Mainstreaming National Adaptation Programmes of Action
Bubu Pateh Jallow describes how efforts to mainstream adaptation are bearing fruit, in project design and in capacity to plan policies. Published November 2007

Climate Change and Pastoralism
Ced Hesse describes the challenges facing African pastoralists and key areas of policy intervention needed to help them cope with climate change. Published October 2007

Climate Reaches a Higher Level
There has been considerable movement in climate politics in recent months, with the United Nations promoting high-level engagement and the United States staking a claim to leadership. Newswatch editors Mick Kelly and Sarah Granich report. Published October 2007

Politics and Climate Change in Suriname
Maureen Silos outlines the vulnerabilities to climate change confronting Suriname. Published September 2007

Enhancing Meteorological Services in the Pacific
Effective progress is being made in developing the self-sufficiency of meteorological services in Pacific Islands through assistance from New Zealand and other international development partners. Penehuro Lefale from the Meteorological Service of New Zealand reports. Published July 2007

Building the Resilience of Mountain Communities to Climate Change
A global e-conference on Climate Change and the Himalayan Glaciers was held May 7-30th 2007. Tek Jung Mahat from ClimateHimalaya reports. Published July 2007

The Cook Islands - an Ocean and Coastal Environment
Vaitoti Tupa discusses the environmental challenges facing the Cook Islands, commenting on climate change and sea-level rise, resource sustainability and capacity building. Published May 2007

Fourth Assessment of Emissions Mitigation
The Fourth Assessment report on mitigation was finalized by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change during the first half of 2007. Newswatch editor Mick Kelly reports. Published May 2007

Fourth Assessment of Climate Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability
The Fourth Assessment report on impacts, adaptation and vulnerability was finalized by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change during the first half of 2007. Newswatch editor Mick Kelly reports. Published April 2007

Fourth Assessment of Climate Science
The Fourth Assessment report on climate science was finalized by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change during the first half of 2007. Newswatch editor Mick Kelly reports. Published March 2007

A Roadmap for Implementing Adaptation Policy
Gary Yohe discusses the conclusions on climate impacts, adaptation and vulnerability reached during the Fourth Assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Published April 2007

Africa's Vulnerability to Climate Change and Opportunities for Adaptation
Balgis Osman-Elasha discusses the many factors that make the African continent so vulnerable to environmental stress and climate change impacts and summarizes some of the adaptation opportunities that would ensure the continent a healthy and sustainable future. Published March 2007

Slow Progress on Integration of Gender Issues
Ulrike Röhr reports on the current state of progress made on integrating gender issues into the climate treaty negotiations, most recently at the Twelfth Conference of the Parties (COP12) in November 2006. Published February 2007.

Global Sustainable Energy Vision 2050
Gunnar Boye Olesen discusses a comprehensive series of visions, strategies and plans that demonstrate the transition to utilizing sustainable energy at the local, national, regional and global levels. Published February 2007

Climate and Disaster Reduction
James Lewis comments on the narrow focus and lack of innovation and commitment that has prevailed in international programmes when planning comprehensive disaster reduction strategies. Published February 2007

Modelling Adaptation?
Ian Burton calls for adaptation modelling to inform a new authoritative review quantifying economy-wide adaptation benefits. Published February 2007

Capturing the Synergies between Climate Change and Desertification
Siri Eriksen defines the opportunities and challenges to be found in linking the climate change and desertification conventions. Published October 2006

The Nairobi Framework
The latest round of the climate negotiations took place in Nairobi, Kenya, during November 2006. Newswatch editor Mick Kelly reports. Published December 2006

Adaptation - An Issue for the German Presidency of the European Union
Sven Harmeling discusses the lead that Germany must take on adaptation to climate change through its year of presidency of the European Union and the Group of Eight. Published December 2006

International Disaster Reduction
Increasingly, the international community is recognizing that disaster reduction strategies must be developed to provide long-term risk and capacity management that encompasses the complexity of interdependent systems and strengthens resilience in the face of long-term climate change. Newswatch editor Sarah Granich reports. Published November 2006

Priorities for Nepal
Rakshya Thapa outlines the challenge facing her country in the battle against climate change. Published September 2006

Climate Change and the Sahara
Guy Jacques and Hervé Le Treut describe the role of climate in shaping the Sahara. Published September 2006

Designing Adaptation Projects
Mozaharul Alam and Lwandle Mqadi describe a novel way of identifying, designing, implementing and monitoring community-based adaptation projects. Published August 2006

Strengthening Food Security in the Solomon Islands
Louise Hunt reports on the successful efforts of a community group on the Solomon Islands' weather coast to teach livelihood skills and community capacity strengthening to its people. Published August 2006

Desertification and Global Warming: Common Action for Common Challenges
Staff members of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification Secretariat highlight the opportunities for cooperative action in combating desertification and climate change. Published August 2006

Contraction and Convergence
Aubrey Meyer and Raphaël Hanmbock argue for a flexible and equitable response to climate change after the Kyoto Protocol. Published July 2006

Priorities for the Poor
Nasimul Haque explains the needs and concerns of poor and vulnerable people who are already experiencing the impacts of climate change. Published July 2006

The Brakes Are Off
The latest round of the climate negotiations took place in Bonn, Germany, during May 2006. Newswatch editor Mick Kelly and Tiempo editor Saleemul Huq report. Published July 2006

Making Multilateral Environmental Agreements Work for the Poor
The 2004 Watson International Scholars of the Environment explain how to make Multilateral Environmental Agreements work better in developing countries. Published July 2006

Jamaica's Energy Potential
The Most Honourable Percival James (P J) Patterson, former Prime Minister of Jamaica, outlines the potential for a sustainable energy future for his country through energy conservation and the development of renewable resources. Published June 2006

American Evangelicals and Climate Change
Sam Berry describes how evangelicals in the United States are beginning to see their biblically-based responsibility for 'creation care'. Published May 2006

Electric Vehicles in Nepal
Megesh Tiwari discusses the development of the use of electric vehicles in Nepal and current initiatives that are expanding their use across the transport sector. Published May 2006

Solar Water Heating in Brazil
Steven Kaufman, Samuel Milton and Délcio Rodrigues describe the potential of solar water heating and the role of the Clean Development Mechanism in Brazil. Published May 2006

Adaptation Funding after Montréal
The Marrakech Accords include new funding for adaptation activities under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Tiempo editor Saleemul Huq reports. Published April 2006

Climate Change - Accepting the Challenge
A Barrie Pittock discusses the challenge we must accept if we are to respond effectively to the threat of climate change. Published April 2006

Least Developed Countries' Needs
Mohammed Reazuddin describes the actions taken by the Least Developed Countries to tackle climate change and the assistance that they need. Published April 2006

The Clean Development Mechanism in Nepal
Noora Singh discusses the prospects, the challenges and the viability of the Clean Development Mechanism for Nepal. Published February 2006

2006: International Year of Deserts and Desertification
Desertification is increasing, along with its environmental, social and economic impacts, and so it is timely that 2006 has been designated the International Year of Deserts and Desertification. Newswatch editor Sarah Granich reports. Published February 2006

Asia-Pacific Partnership Meets
The inaugural meeting of the Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate (AP-6) took place in Sydney, Australia, January 11-12th 2006. Newswatch editor Mick Kelly reports. Published February 2006

First Meeting of the Kyoto Parties
Montréal, Canada, was the venue for the latest negotiations regarding the implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Newswatch editor Sarah Granich reports. Published January 2006

Climate Vulnerability and Adaptation in Nepal
Anil Raut presents a summary of the climate change impacts confronting Nepal and discusses adaptation measures that are being undertaken. Published January 2006

Environment - the Basis of Livelihoods
Tony Nyong argues that the impact of climate change on the environment should not be neglected as natural systems provide the foundation for many livelihoods. Published December 2005

An Adaptation Strategy in the Cook Islands
Imogen Ingram describes an innovative design for coastal defense as an adaptive measure to climate change for Small Island Developing States. Published November 2005

Global Energy Trends
The International Energy Agency and British Petroleum have released their latest annual reports on current trends in energy consumption. Newswatch editor Mick Kelly reports. Published November 2005

LDCs in the Climate Negotiations
Bangladesh Ambassador to Sweden Sabihuddin Ahmed describes some of the challenges faced by the Least Developed Nations in the climate negotiations. Published September 2005

Perceptions of Climate Change in the Himalayas
Ngamindra Dahal discusses how climate change impacts are perceived in parts of the Himalayas in Nepal, and proposes activities to reduce vulnerability. Published September 2005

Rainwater Harvesting
The Intermediate Technology Development Group South Asia describes a rainwater harvesting project, designed to help people adapt to climate change in Sri Lanka and elsewhere. Published September 2005

The Other Side of Paradise
The documentary The Other Side of Paradise describes the climate threat facing Small Island Developing States. Published August 2005

Sustainability - the Real Challenge Lies Within
Jonathan Diederiks maintains that achieving sustainable outcomes in business has far less to do with processes and management training than with individual human empowerment and emotional intelligence. Published August 2005

Gender and Climate Change - a Forgotten Issue?
Ulrike Röhr discusses the historical lapse in assimilating gender issues in the climate change debate and the urgent need to undertake research and analysis on this issue. Published July 2005

G8 Commitments on Climate Change and Africa
The latest summit of the leaders of the G8 nations took place in July 2005, with Africa and climate change high on the agenda. Newswatch editor Mick Kelly reports. Published July 2005

The Mauritius Declaration on Small Island Developing States
Kanayathu Koshy and Sarah Granich discuss an international review of the Barbados Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island States. Published July 2005

Subsidiary Bodies Meet in Bonn
The Twenty-Second Session of the Subsidiary Bodies to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change took place in Bonn, Germany, 15-27th May 2005. Newswatch editor Mick Kelly reports. Published June 2005

Interview with Peter Read
In a Newswatch interview, Peter Read discusses the potential of bioenergy and the broader role of the biosphere in controlling the composition of the atmosphere. He also comments on George Monbiot's critique of biomass as a fuel source. Published May 2005

Lessons from the Indian Ocean Tsunami
Thailand recently hosted a conference to discuss the lessons learnt from the Indian Ocean tsunami. Newswatch editor Mick Kelly reports. Published May 2005

Water: Who Needs It?
Sarah Granich discusses the United Nations Water for Life Decade, launched March 2005. Published April 2005

Co-management of Resources in Russia's North
A recent workshop held in Moscow bought together representatives of indigenous peoples to discuss the opportunities, constraints and the way ahead for an effective stewardship of the natural resources in the Russian North. Newswatch editor Sarah Granich reports. Published April 2005

Priorities for an Equitable Future
Andrew Simms describes the actions which need prioritizing in the global climate change arena if progress is to be just and equitable. Published April 2005

Water for Life Decade
Sarah Granich describes the main aims and activities of the United Nations Water for Life Decade. Published April 2005

The Clean Development Mechanism and Sustainable Development
Ben Pearson argues that the Clean Development Mechanism is failing in its mandate to promote sustainable development. Published March 2005

Sustainable Village Energy in Lao PDR
Adam Harvey describes a programme designed to provide sustainable forms of energy to villages in Lao PDR. Published February 2005

Small Island Developing States: A Special Case
Small Island Developing States have gained formal international recognition that the adverse effects of climate change are seriously affecting their continued existence and, for some, their very survival. Newswatch Editor Sarah Granich reports. Published January 2005

The documentary Regional CHARM Guidelines for Pacific Island Countries, presented as streaming video, describes the Comprehensive Hazard And Risk Management process for the Pacific islands. Published January 2005

Interview with Ambassador Anwarul Chowdhury
In a Newswatch interview, Ambassador Anwarul K. Chowdhury discusses the implementation of the Barbados Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States. Published January 2005

Global Climate 2004
2004 was the fourth warmest year in the global temperature record. Newswatch editor Mick Kelly reports. Published January 2005

The Buenos Aires Compromise
The Tenth Conference of the Parties to the climate treaty was held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, December 6-18th 2004. Newswatch editor Mick Kelly reports. Published January 2005

Mauritius and Beyond
Kanayathu Koshy discusses Pacific preparations for the 10-Year Review of the Barbados Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States. Published January 2005

Global Sustainable Energy Islands Initiative
Tom Roper describes the Global Sustainable Energy Islands Initiative, intended to assist Small Island Developing States develop renewable energy and energy efficiency projects. Published December 2004

Islands and Climate Change
The documentary Islands and Climate Change, presented as streaming video, describes the threat posed to the Pacific island nations by climate change and unsustainable development. Published December 2004

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment
The Arctic Climate Impact Assessment concludes that human influence is now "the dominant factor" in regional trends. Newswatch editor Mick Kelly reports. Published December 2004

Vision 2050 for EU-15
A new vision for a transition to sustainable energy in Europe by 2050 has been developed. Newswatch editor Sarah Granich reports. Published December 2004

Small Islands - Big Potential
Ambassador Anwarul K. Chowdhury discusses the current status of Small Island Developing States in the context of the Barbados Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States. Published October 2004

National Climate Strategy for South Africa
South Africa's National Climate Change Response Strategy was launched in October 2004. Newswatch editor Mick Kelly reports. Published October 2004

Plantations Are Not Forests
Ricardo Carrere documents the negative social and environmental impacts of the increased planting of monoculture tree plantations and denounces the mistaken rationale behind this activity. Published October 2004

Indigenous Dialogue on Sustainable Development
Bill Van Lopik outlines the results of a recent international dialogue that focused on the models of sustainable development and positive practices of indigenous peoples. Published September 2004

Justice and Equity in Adaptation
Neil Adger, M. J. Mace, Jouni Paavola and Jona Razzaque report on a strategic assessment of the equity and justice implications of adaptation. Published September 2004

Interview with Jim Salinger
In a Newswatch interview, Jim Salinger discusses the development of the global temperature record, a key stage in the acceptance of climate change as a serious threat. Published August 2004

Renewables 2004
The International Conference for Renewable Energies, Renewables 2004, was held in Bonn, Germany, in June 2004. Newswatch editor Sarah Granich reports. Published August 2004

Global Energy Review 2003
World carbon emissions from hydrocarbon use rose by 3.8 per cent in 2003, with about half the increase accounted for by China. Newswatch editor Mick Kelly reports. Published August 2004

Global Temperature 2003
The year 2003 was the third warmest in the global surface air temperature record, which extends back to 1856. Newswatch editor Mick Kelly reports. Published August 2004

Adaptation - a Caribbean View
Neville Trotz argues that adaptation is not a novel science; many solutions have existed for some time. Only the resources and the commitment to implement them are missing. Published August 2004

2004 - International Year of Rice
"Rice is Life" is the theme of the International Year of Rice. Newswatch editor Sarah Granich reports. Published August 2004

Island Climate Update
Ashmita Gosai, Penehuro Lefale and Jim Salinger describe the content and application of the Island Climate Update, a highly successful seasonal climate bulletin. Published July 2004

The World's Fragile Islands
Agnès Sinaï argues that, from the low-lying point of view of Pacific islanders or circumpolar-dwelling Inuit, the Kyoto Protocol seems an exploitative deal. Published July 2004

Youth and the Environment
Federica Meneghetti reports on an innovative project involving young people in the three countries of Argentina, China and Mozambique. Published June 2004

New Life for Used Wind Turbines
Svetlana Volchek describes the innovative transfer of used wind turbines from Denmark to Russia to kickstart an indigeneous wind energy industry. Published June 2004

The Point Seven Percent Solution
Mick Kelly and Sarah Granich propose a way forward in broadening emissions control commitments. Published June 2004

Erosion of Low-lying Reef Islands
Paul Kench and Peter Cowell present methodological developments in assessing the effect of sea-level rise on the erosion of low-lying reef islands. Published June 2004

Empowering the Vulnerable
Lareef Zubair suggests that if vulnerable communities are empowered to cope with present-day climate change then the lessons learned can be utilized for longer-term adaptation. Published June 2004

Adaptation Day at COP9
Hannah Reid and Saleemul Huq report on Adaptation Day, a major COP9 side event held in Milan, Italy, in December 2003. Published June 2004

Seasonal Climate Forecasting
Simon Mason discusses the development of seasonal climate forecasting in the Indochina region of Southeast Asia. He argues that there is great potential and a pressing need for reliable predictions. Published June 2004

Interview with Bo Döös
In a Newswatch interview, Bo Döös discusses the development of the first operational weather forecast model. Published May 2004

Mainstreaming National Adaptation Plans
Saleemul Huq and Mizan Khan discuss why it is imperative that National Adaptation Plans of Action be fully integrated into national development strategies. Published September 2003

Anne de la Vega-Leinert summarizes an integrated modelling project intended to improve understanding of the impacts of sea-level rise. Published March 2003

Capacity Building in LDCs
Prime Minister Khaleda Zia of Bangladesh opened the Least Developed Country Expert Group workshop held in September 2002 in Dhaka. Participants discussed the urgent need for capacity building as appropriate preparation for formulating National Adaptation Plans of Action. Published March 2003

Climate Change and Bangladesh: The Way Forward
Saleemul Huq reports on a roundtable discussion concerning the implications of the climate issue for Bangladesh. Published March 2003

A Moral Challenge
Lionel Hurst discusses the urgent need to effectively link global climate change to sustainable development challenges. Published March 2003

Gender – a Forgotten Element
Fatma Denton and Jyoti Parikh outline ways in which they consider the issue of gender should be mainstreamed into the climate debate. Published March 2003

Gender and Climate Change
Jyoti Parikh and Fatma Denton report on an event Engendering the climate debate that they organized at the Eighth Conference of the Parties to the climate treaty. Published March 2003

The World Summit: a personal perspective
Robert Kay and Andrew Crow describe what it was like to take part in the World Summit on Sustainable Development. Published December 2002

Think before you sink
Gerald Leach has been thinking about carbon sinks and concludes that much current thinking on the issue should be sunk. Published December 2002

Robert Kay and Andrew Crow describe the excitement of launching a new Type II initiative at the World Summit on Sustainable Development. Published December 2002

CDM Projects in Africa
Anders Arvidson outlines the methodology used in assessing the viability of and potential for CDM projects in Africa. Published September 2002

A Sword of Damocles?
John Hay uses a classical legend to underline his argument that global warming is posing a very real threat to Pacific Island nations. Published September 2002

Capacity Enhancement for the Pacific
Kanayathu Koshy and Liza Philip discuss the support needed for Pacific Island Countries to respond effectively to climate change. Published September 2002

Climate Funding for Developing Countries
Saleemul Huq discusses capacity strengthening activities developing nations can undertake through recently-created funds. Published September 2002

International Year of the Mountains
The year 2002 has been designated the International Year of Mountains by the United Nations General Assembly. Published September 2002

Coalition Building
Joyeeta Gupta and Angela Churie Kallhauge examine the dynamics of coalitions and suggest new definitions and strategies to benefit developing countries. Published September 2002

Millions at Risk
The results of a recent assessment of global climate impacts are described by Martin Parry, co-chair of IPCC Working Group II, and his collaborators. Published September 2002

Natural Disasters in Honduras
Manuel Winograd reports on a project on vulnerability and risk assessment of natural disasters in Honduras. Published March 2002

Coping with Climatic and Economic Change
Siri Eriksen, Ane Schjolden and Julie Silva discuss the linkages between climate change and economic vulnerability in southern Africa. Published March 2002

The IPCC Third Assessment: Mitigation
The role of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is to provide the international community with expert guidance regarding scientific and technical aspects of the climate problem. Here, we present the Panel's latest findings on mitigating global warming. Published March 2002

An Atoll State in Peril
John Connell discusses the problem of environmental change, economic development and emigration in Tuvalu. Published December 2001

Equity, Vulnerability and Social Justice
Roger Kasperson and Jeanne Kasperson summarize the conclusions of a recent survey of the major vulnerability issues related to climate change. They discuss the main equity and social justice issues that they perceive to be primary criteria and which must inform the climate change regime. Published December 2001

Environmental Change and Migration
John Hay and Martin Beniston discuss the implications of environmental change for the peoples of small island states. Published December 2001

The Coming Decline of Oil
Gerald Leach comments on the hidden bomb behind the climate debate. Published December 2001

New Educational Centre for the Pacific
Kanayathu Koshy describes the agenda for the newly-established Pacific Centre for Environment and Sustainable Development. Published September 2001

North-South Dialogue
Peter Zhou discusses equity and sustainable development perceptions from a Southern Africa aspect. Published September 2001

Small Islands and the IPCC
John Hay presents a small island's perspective on the IPCC's Third Assessment Report. Published September 2001

Scientific Education in the Pacific
Than Aung describes an oceanographic educational project which has recently been initiated for the Pacific region. Published September 2001

The IPCC Third Assessment: Impacts
The role of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is to provide the international community with expert guidance regarding scientific and technical aspects of the climate problem. Here, we present the Panel's latest findings on the potential impact of global warming. Published September 2001

Photovoltaics against Poverty
Gerald Leach casts a critical eye upon the often disparate views of the effective use of photovoltaics as an energy supply source that emerged at a recent conference, Village Power 2000. Published June 2001

The IPCC Third Assessment: Science
The role of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is to provide the international community with expert guidance regarding scientific and technical aspects of the climate problem. Here, we present the Panel's latest findings on the basic science of global warming. Published June 2001

Differentiation of Commitments
Heleen Groenenberg summarizes a discussion session held during COP-6 on the differentiation of climate commitments and underlying principles. Published June 2001

Sinks and the CDM
Emily Boyd outlines the current political divergence in the debate over the use of forests as sinks under the Kyoto Protocol. Published June 2001

The SURVAS Project
Anne de la Vega-Leinert and Robert Nicholls discuss the impacts of accelerated sea-level rise and adaptive options. Published September 2000

Preparing for COP-6
Joyeeta Gupta and Angela Churie Kallhauge compare two capacity building initiatives, for Africa and for Latin America and the Caribbean. Published September 2000

Climate Change and Small Island States
John Hay discusses the linkages between science-driven policy and policy-driven science in reference to small island states. Published September 2000

Smoke and Mirrors
Mick Kelly steps aside from his role as editor of Tiempo to make a personal statement on the climate negotiations based on his experience of the global warming debate over the past 25 years. Published September 2000

Air Pollution and Crop Yields
Neela Mukherjee discusses the impacts and policy implications of air pollution on crop yields in northern India. Published September 2000

The Alliance of Small Island States
The complexities and challenges confronting small island developing states are as varied and unique as the number of nations that fall into this category. Published September 2000

Community Action for Renewable Energy
Paul Bryce outlines 20 years of community development through village-owned micro hydroelectric systems in the Solomon Islands. Published September 2000

Science and Policy in the South Pacific
Jon Barnett reports on a Pacific Islands conference which assessed the important links between climate science and policy for this region. Published September 2000

Networking in the Horn of Africa
Renee Storteboom discusses the non-governmental organizations of the Horn of Africa and their potential. Published March 2000

Sugarcane Resources in Southern Africa
Francis Johnson examines the use of sugarcane as a renewable energy resource in southern Africa. Published March 2000

Global Change and Coral Reefs
Barrie Pittock summarizes the factors that are affecting the world's coral reefs. Published March 2000

Climate Change in the South Pacific
Roger Jones presents an overview of the results of two recent projects on climate change and sea-level rise in the South Pacific. Published March 2000

Impact of El Niño and La Niña on Southeast Asia, Indochina Global Change Network, Hanoi, Vietnam, 21st-23rd February 2000
Report on the conference "Impact of El Niño and La Niña on Southeast Asia", organized by the Indochina Global Change Network, and held in Hanoi, Vietnam, February 21st-23rd 2000.

Sea Level and Education in the Pacific
Than Aung of the National Tidal Facility describes the current work of the South Pacific Sea Level and Climate Monitoring Project, discussing recent trends and the availability of relevant educational materials. Published December 1999

Action Plan for Africa
Marcel Kok summarizes the action plan that resulted from a workshop on integrated assessment for climate change in Africa. Published December 1999

Participation in Integrated Assessment
Stewart Cohen describes a collaborative scientist-stakeholder approach for effective integrated assessment. Published December 1999

Integrated Assessment and Adaptation
Ferenc Toth outlines the potential use of integrated assessment at the regional level for more effective adaptation analysis. Published December 1999

Integrated Assessment and Mitigation
Peter Zhou discusses the role of integrated assessment in assessing mitigation priorities for Africa. Published December 1999

Climate Change and the Energy Link
Griff Thompson and Lando Velasco discuss the work of the International Institute for Energy Conservation, linking climate and energy concerns. Published December 1999

NGO activities in Southeast Asia
highlights the work of the Project for Ecological Recovery and the Towards Ecological Recovery and Regional Alliance, two organizations working on environment and development issues in mainland Southeast Asia. Published September 1999

Small Island States and the Climate Treaty
John Hay assesses the progress made at the climate negotiations from the perspective of small island states. Published September 1999

El Niņo and Human Health
Sari Kovats and Mark Cresswell assess the potential benefits of seasonal forecasting for human health with particular regard to El Niņo events. Published September 1999

Challenges for Mainland Southeast Asia
Dave Hubbel discusses the challenges for mainland Southeast Asia imposed by conventional development. Published September 1999

Ethics for Environmental Journalists
Jim Detjen reports on a recent conference that agreed upon a code of ethics for environmental journalists. Published June 1999

The Rise and Fall of the Blue Revolution
Alfredo Quarto discusses the state of the global aquaculture industry and its environmental and economic impacts. Published June 1999

Sustainable Use of the Mangrove
Alfredo Quarto describes the silvofishery method of aquaculture, a low-input, sustainable use of the mangrove ecosystem. Published June 1999

Renewable Energy on Small Islands
Thomas Lynge Jensen presents some of the major conclusions from the report Renewable Energy on Small Islands, published in April 1998, supplemented with information gathered since. Published June 1999

So... Who was Missing in Buenos Aires?
Paul Metz expresses concern at the missed opportunities for advancing renewable energy sources in Buenos Aires. Published March 1999

The Language of Global Warming
Michael Glantz considers the importance of word-use in defining the significance of global warming. Published March 1999

Capacity Building for Climate Change
John Hay considers the implications of climate change for technical assistance to developing countries. Published March 1999

Stalemate in Climate Protection
Emilio Lèbre La Rovere comments on the main political issues which dominated the latest round of the climate negotiations in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Published December 1998

Population, Consumption and Equity
Robert Engelman demonstrates the importance of linking the issues of population and greenhouse gas reductions if global equity is to prevail. Published December 1998

Sea level Observing Systems
Philip Woodworth and Janice Trotte describe major programmes and associated activities in the monitoring, collection and analysis of sea level data. Published December 1998

The Convention on Biological Diversity
Sam Johnston describes the major outcomes of the fourth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity held in Bratislava, Slovakia, in May 1998. Published December 1998

Aiming for Equity
Daniel Kammen and Ann Kinzig discuss strategies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions substantially, with equity to the fore. Published September 1998

Implementing the CDM
Julia Curtis and Malik Amin Aslam discuss the opportunities presented by the Clean Development Mechanism and the barriers to be overcome if that potential is to be realized. Published September 1998

Latest Ozone Assessment
The World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme have released the latest international assessment of the state of the ozone layer in the upper atmosphere. Published September 1998

Biomass as an Energy Source
David Hall argues that biomass provides an effective energy substitute for fossil fuels as well as a sink for sequestering carbon. Published September 1998

The Missing Dimension
Jaro Mayda discusses the need for developing a better social technology for regional and local decision making on global change. Published June 1998

Key Issues in Global Change
Kirill Ya. Kondratyev considers priorities in responding to global environmental change as we approach the 21st century. Published June 1998

The Clean Development Mechanism
Julia Curtis and Malik Amin Aslam describe the background to the Clean Development Mechanism and the rationale for this new concept. Published June 1998

Floodwater — the Softest Hardware
Sayyed Ahang Kowsar describes the positive results of a desertification control scheme in southern Iran. Published June 1998

Environmental Change and Vulnerability: Lessons from Vietnam and the Indochina Region
Report of a conference on environmental change and vulnerability in the Indochina Region, held in Hanoi, Vietnam, in April 1998.

The SARCS Integrated Study
Louis Lebel describes an integrated study organized by the Southeast Asian Regional Committee for START (Global Change System for Analysis Research and Training). Published March 1998

First Six Years of GCTE
The International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) has released a report on the major findings of the first six years of its Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems (GCTE) Core Project. Published March 1998

Artists View Plastics and Waste
Varsha Nair reports on an international exhibition in which artists present their perspectives on plastic and other waste products underlying the issue of the human contribution, and its responsibility, to environmental deterioration. Published March 1998

Impacts Centres for Developing Regions
Louis Lebel details the activities and aims of the Impacts Centre for Southeast Asia. Published March 1998

From Kyoto to Buenos Aires
Emilio Lèbre La Rovere comments on the outcome of the Kyoto climate conference with particular reference to Brazil. Published March 1998

Environmental Degradation in Somalia
Feysal Ahmed Yusuf details the extreme degradation of the Somali environment and suggests means of coping with the crisis. Published December 1997

Fog Collection
Robert Schemenauer and Pilar Cereceda describe the unique process of collecting fog as a complementary water supply. Published December 1997

South Pacific Climate Change
The Third South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) Meeting on Climate Change and Sea Level Rise was held in Noumea, New Caledonia, in August 1997. This report is an edited account of the chairperson's summary of findings and future needs for the region. Published December 1997

Resources for the Future
Resources for the Future, based in Washington DC, launched its Climate Economics and Policy Program late in 1996 to increase understanding and knowledge of the complex issues of global climate change that must be addressed to design appropriate, cost-effective policies in the United States and abroad. Published September 1997

A Lifetime in Climate Research
Professor Bert Bolin has been Chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) since 1988 when the IPCC was established. He relinquishes the position in September 1997. It was an appropriate time to speak with Professor Bolin about his many and varied experiences as an active and influential participant in the international debate on climate change. Published September 1997

Proposed Emissions Targets
Susan Subak, Mike Hulme and Louise Bohn assess the implications for global temperature of current proposals for strengthening the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. Published September 1997

US Country Studies Update
The United States Country Studies Program provides technical and financial support to 55 developing countries and countries with economies in transition to assist them in conducting climate change studies. Published September 1997

Climate Change Activities in China
Guoyu Ren outlines research activities on climate change in China. Published September 1997

Teaching Global Climate Change
Emilio Anteliz, Patrick Danaher and Michael Danaher argue that effective education about climate change needs to be located in a country's educational and socio-political system. Published September 1997

Predicting Environmental Migration
Bo R Döös discusses the predictability of large-scale environmental migration. Published June 1997

A Chinese Perspective on JI
ZhongXiang Zhang outlines an economic rationale for the development of joint implementation projects with China. Published June 1997

AIJ: Developing Countries' Perspectives #2
Following on from the previous report by Kalipardi Chatterjee, we present here the full text of the conclusions and recommendations of the conference "AIJ: Developing Countries Perspectives" held 8-10th January 1997 in New Delhi, India. Published June 1997

AIJ: Developing Countries' Perspectives #1
In the first of two articles, Kalipada Chatterjee, chief of the Global Environment Group at Development Alternatives, New Delhi, India, describes the outcome of the meeting "AIJ: Developing Countries Perspectives" held 8-10th January 1997 in which over 200 delegates from 40 countries participated. Published March 1997

Environment Liaison Centre International
The Environment Liaison Centre International is an information and communication network of more than 850 non-governmental and community-based organizations in over 100 countries, all working towards a more sustainable world. Published March 1997

A Pacific Response to Climate Change
John E Hay presents his thoughts on the implications of climate change for small island developing states of the Pacific. Published March 1997

AIJ — Africans In Jeopardy?
Angela Churie argues that African nations should prepare carefully for participation in joint implementation activities. Published June 1996

Household Power in a New Light
Daniel Kammen discusses the developing use of photovoltaic technology in Africa. Published Issue 20, June 1996

IPCC Working Group II
Tiempo surveys the results of the latest assessment by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) with the 1995 report of Working Group II — Scientific-Technical Analysis of Impacts, Adaptations, and Mitigation of Climate Change. Published June 1996

Cogeneration in Southeast Asia
The aim of the COGEN Programme is to accelerate the implementation of proven technologies generating heat and/or power from wood and agro-industrial residues. Published March 1996

Climate Change in Central America
Anne Hambleton reports on progress in combating the climate threat in the Central American region. Published March 1996

Regional Cooperation in the Americas
Eleven American nations signed the Agreement to Establish the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research in Montevideo, Uruguay, in May 1992. The Inter-American Institute is a regional network of research centres dedicated to the study of global change and its impact on human society. Published June 1995

Usable Science
Mickey Glantz describes a series of workshops intended to advance the application of science for the benefit of society. Published June 1995

ENSO and the Americas
The El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon was the subject of a scientific workshop held in July 1994 in Lima, Peru. Over 70 people from the Americas attended the workshop, organized by the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (IAI). Published June 1995

Population, Environment and Development
Krishna Ghimire argues that successful policies must address people's needs and enhance livelihood security. Published August 1994

Global Food Production at Risk
Bo Döös discusses the processes of environmental degradation that could affect global food production. Published August 1994

Climate and the Mangrove Ecosystem
Phan Nguyen Hong describes the potential impact of climate change on Vietnam's mangrove ecosystem. Published December 1993

Desertification and Climate Change
Mick Kelly and Mike Hulme address the complex and often uncertain links between climate change, prolonged aridification or desiccation, and desertification. Published August 1993

Life and Death in the Mangrove
Alfredo Quarto discusses the impact that commercial prawn farming is having on the world's mangrove forests. Published August 1993

Desertification: the Scourge of Africa
Michael Bernard Kwesi Darkoh discusses the complex factors underlying the threat to Africa's drylands. Published April 1993

Protecting Bangladesh
Hugh Brammer discusses the general approach and current activities of the Bangladesh Flood Action Plan. Published April 1993

Managing the Wetlands
Tiempo talks to Zakir Hussain, Regional Coordinator of IUCN's Wetlands Programme in Southeast Asia, about their support for local efforts in formulating policies for wetland resource management. Published April 1993

A Legal Perspective on the FAP
The Bangladesh Flood Action Plan (FAP) has received severe criticism from some quarters. Tiempo discusses the FAP with Mohiuddin Farooque, a lawyer with the Bangladesh Environmental Lawyers Association (BELA). Published April 1993

Self Help for Rural Villages
Sadiq Malik describes various activities of the Rural Development Foundation Centre in Islamabad. Published April 1993

A New Pathway for Cooperation
The Earth Council is an independent standing commission of politicians, diplomats, scientists, journalists and others. It aspires to become the centre of a global citizens network, acting on behalf of civic society to further the process of sustainable development. Published April 1993

Autogenerated: 15 May 2015

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Longwood Gardens

The United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the American Public Gardens Association are mounting an educational exhibit at Longwood Gardens showing the link between temperature and planting zones

Crowne Plaza Copenhagen Towers

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El Hierro

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Remarkables Primary School green roof

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Weather Info for All

The Weather Info for All project aims to roll out up to five thousand automatic weather observation stations throughout Africa


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Wave House

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Mbale compost-processing plant

The Mbale compost-processing plant in Uganda produces cheaper fertilizer and reduces greenhouse gas emissions

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Updated: May 15th 2015