Tiempo Climate Cyberlibrary
Least Developed Countries’ Needs
About the Cyberlibrary
The Tiempo Climate Cyberlibrary was developed by Mick Kelly and Sarah Granich on behalf of the Stockholm Environment Institute and the International Institute for Environment and Development, with sponsorship from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.
While every effort is made to ensure that information on this site, and on other sites that are referenced here, is accurate, no liability for loss or damage resulting from use of this information can be accepted.
Climate change is a great challenge to humanity whose vulnerable communities feel its impacts most. The survival of many poor country citizens is at risk if this challenge is not confronted in an effective way. Only strong political will can deal with climate change and make real progress with reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Least Developed Countries (LDCs) have eagerly awaited developed nation emissions reductions, in line with the targets committed to under the Kyoto Protocol. But sadly, LDCs have experienced lengthy negotiation processes and little action.
In December 2005 in Montréal, nations gathered for the first Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol. LDCs wanted proof of political will by all industrialized countries party to the Protocol. Unfortunately, by reneging on their commitments, they instead challenged the credibility of the Protocol. LDCs want to see current commitments met, and agreement reached on a regime for future emissions reductions. They also want emissions reductions by industrialized countries not party to the Kyoto Protocol.
LDCs are trying hard to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, but climate change destabilizes efforts towards economic and social progress. Adaptation to climate change is a vast and costly task, especially for poor nations, and any delay in efforts to reduce emissions will increase the risks and costs of adverse impacts, thus frustrating development efforts.
Despite their limited capacities, LDCs have worked hard under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Most are preparing or have prepared National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs), thus showing their commitment to adaptation to climate change. Industrialized nations must now honour their own commitments.
Urgent and real progress is needed in two areas. First, LDCs need emission reductions fast. Second, they need immediate and adequate funding and resources for adaptation needs and priorities and compensation for damages from the unavoidable adverse impacts of climate change. If voluntary contributions do not deliver, then binding commitments might be needed to secure enough funding to implement NAPAs.
Lastly, technology development and transfer is key. LDCs want to see action to:
General Electric plans to cut solar installation costs by half
Project 90 by 2030 supports South African school children and managers reduce their carbon footprint through its Club programme
Bath & North East Somerset Council in the United Kingdom has installed smart LED carriageway lighting that automatically adjusts to light and traffic levels
The United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the American Public Gardens Association are mounting an educational exhibit at Longwood Gardens showing the link between temperature and planting zones
The energy-efficient Crowne Plaza Copenhagen Towers hotel is powered by renewable and sustainable sources, including integrated solar photovoltaics and guest-powered bicycles
El Hierro, one of the Canary Islands, plans to generate 80 per cent of its energy from renewable sources
The green roof on the Remarkables Primary School in New Zealand reduces stormwater runoff, provides insulation and doubles as an outdoor classroom
The Weather Info for All project aims to roll out up to five thousand automatic weather observation stations throughout Africa
SolSource turns its own waste heat into electricity or stores it in thermal fabrics, harnessing the sun's energy for cooking and electricity for low-income families
The Wave House uses vegetation for its architectural and environmental qualities, and especially in terms of thermal insulation
The Mbale compost-processing plant in Uganda produces cheaper fertilizer and reduces greenhouse gas emissions
At Casa Grande, Frito-Lay has reduced energy consumption by nearly a fifth since 2006 by, amongst other things, installing a heat recovery system to preheat cooking oil