Tiempo Climate Cyberlibrary
Mainstreaming National Adaptation Programmes of Action
About the Cyberlibrary
The Tiempo Climate Cyberlibrary was developed by Mick Kelly and Sarah Granich on behalf of the Stockholm Environment Institute and the International Institute for Environment and Development, with sponsorship from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.
While every effort is made to ensure that information on this site, and on other sites that are referenced here, is accurate, no liability for loss or damage resulting from use of this information can be accepted.
National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs) should complement, and be integrated into, existing national development plans. Effective mainstreaming, so that NAPA policies and measures are integrated into national and regional development policies and processes, requires cross-sectoral cooperation, interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approaches and considerable political will.
To achieve this goal, it is necessary:
All the NAPA Teams are multi-sectoral and multidisciplinary with a varying number of key sectors. For example, the NAPA Project Steering Committee of The Gambia is chaired by a Permanent Secretary and includes Desertification and Biodiversity Convention Focal Points, the Global Environment Facility Focal Point, National Assembly and Civil Society. Comoros went further to establish a NAPA Island Committee, created to coordinate the NAPA process at the island level.
All NAPAs submitted so far relate to existing national plans and programmes. In selecting priority NAPA projects in Bhutan, one of the criteria was to assess whether the projects complemented country goals such as overcoming poverty, or enhancing adaptive capacity or other multilateral environmental agreements. Key activities laid out in Mozambique's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper include measures to manage its vulnerability to disasters and strengthen its capacity to respond to them. This resulted in disaster risk management and reduction being the highest priority in the Mozambique NAPA.
All NAPA teams conducted stakeholder consultations at regional and island levels to solicit perceptions about impacts and vulnerability to climate variability and change. Comoros evaluated vulnerability and adaptation using a sample of 1000 people. In Malawi, participatory rural appraisal methods were used during the consultations, and in Samoa, the community vulnerability and adaptation tool was the main approach used in the national consultation.
Bubu Pateh Jallow, Department of Water Resources, 7, Marina Parade, Banjul, The Gambia. Fax: +220-225009. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
General Electric plans to cut solar installation costs by half
Project 90 by 2030 supports South African school children and managers reduce their carbon footprint through its Club programme
Bath & North East Somerset Council in the United Kingdom has installed smart LED carriageway lighting that automatically adjusts to light and traffic levels
The United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the American Public Gardens Association are mounting an educational exhibit at Longwood Gardens showing the link between temperature and planting zones
The energy-efficient Crowne Plaza Copenhagen Towers hotel is powered by renewable and sustainable sources, including integrated solar photovoltaics and guest-powered bicycles
El Hierro, one of the Canary Islands, plans to generate 80 per cent of its energy from renewable sources
The green roof on the Remarkables Primary School in New Zealand reduces stormwater runoff, provides insulation and doubles as an outdoor classroom
The Weather Info for All project aims to roll out up to five thousand automatic weather observation stations throughout Africa
SolSource turns its own waste heat into electricity or stores it in thermal fabrics, harnessing the sun's energy for cooking and electricity for low-income families
The Wave House uses vegetation for its architectural and environmental qualities, and especially in terms of thermal insulation
The Mbale compost-processing plant in Uganda produces cheaper fertilizer and reduces greenhouse gas emissions
At Casa Grande, Frito-Lay has reduced energy consumption by nearly a fifth since 2006 by, amongst other things, installing a heat recovery system to preheat cooking oil