Tiempo Climate Cyberlibrary

Key Climate Agreement Components


About the Cyberlibrary

The Tiempo Climate Cyberlibrary was developed by Mick Kelly and Sarah Granich on behalf of the Stockholm Environment Institute and the International Institute for Environment and Development, with sponsorship from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.

While every effort is made to ensure that information on this site, and on other sites that are referenced here, is accurate, no liability for loss or damage resulting from use of this information can be accepted.

Maumoon Abdul Gayoom Maumoon Abdul Gayoom stresses the human aspects of climate change and describes the key components of a good post-2012 climate agreement.
The author is President of the Republic of the Maldives.

For over a decade, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has delivered definitive and unequivocal scientific proof on the many facets of global climate change. The Stern Review proved that climate change could be tackled effectively without submitting our economies to bankruptcy. The United Nations Development Programme’s most recent Human Development Report identifies the human impacts of climate change, unlike many previous studies that projected the issue as a scientific and environmental one.

Climate change has now become a daily reality in the Maldives and other small island states. With meagre financial resources and limited capacity to mitigate or adapt, climate change has become the defining issue of the 21st century. Our severe lack of adaptive capacity, including financial, technical and institutional resources, means we are ill-prepared to deal with these multiple threats. All the while, the impending long-term effects of sea-level rise are drawing ever closer.

The impacts of climate change will be felt sooner, rather than later, in every nation, every community and every neighbourhood. But, of course, the Least Developed Countries and Small Island Developing States would be faced with a much greater challenge than the rest of the world.

We believe that climate change must be viewed not only as a danger to natural systems, but also as a direct threat to human survival and well-being. We are convinced that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiation process must not be viewed as a traditional series of governmental trade-offs, but as an urgent international effort to safeguard human lives, homes, rights and livelihoods.

The Bali Process must have a clear long-term target to stabilize the climate system and ensure that temperature rises are reined in to reasonable levels. Even a two degrees Celsius temperature increase compared to pre-industrial levels would have devastating consequences on small island states.

Adaptation must be at the heart of a post-2012 climate agreement. International activity on adaptation must include vulnerability assessments, enhanced resilience to climate impacts, building human and institutional capacity, and making public and private investments in making countries less vulnerable to climate change. The Adaptation Fund must be adequately resourced. It must also be easily accessible to the Small Island Developing States.

Negotiations within the framework of the UNFCCC towards a global and comprehensive agreement to stabilize the climate system must be completed by 2009. There can be no more delay, nor more distractions. After all, there is no more time.


This comment is extracted from an address at the UNFCCC negotiations in Bali in December 2007.

Bright Ideas

GE cuts solar costs

General Electric plans to cut solar installation costs by half

Project 90 by 2030

Project 90 by 2030 supports South African school children and managers reduce their carbon footprint through its Club programme

Smart street lighting

Bath & North East Somerset Council in the United Kingdom has installed smart LED carriageway lighting that automatically adjusts to light and traffic levels

Longwood Gardens

The United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the American Public Gardens Association are mounting an educational exhibit at Longwood Gardens showing the link between temperature and planting zones

Crowne Plaza Copenhagen Towers

The energy-efficient Crowne Plaza Copenhagen Towers hotel is powered by renewable and sustainable sources, including integrated solar photovoltaics and guest-powered bicycles

El Hierro

El Hierro, one of the Canary Islands, plans to generate 80 per cent of its energy from renewable sources

Remarkables Primary School green roof

The green roof on the Remarkables Primary School in New Zealand reduces stormwater runoff, provides insulation and doubles as an outdoor classroom

Weather Info for All

The Weather Info for All project aims to roll out up to five thousand automatic weather observation stations throughout Africa


SolSource turns its own waste heat into electricity or stores it in thermal fabrics, harnessing the sun's energy for cooking and electricity for low-income families

Wave House

The Wave House uses vegetation for its architectural and environmental qualities, and especially in terms of thermal insulation

Mbale compost-processing plant

The Mbale compost-processing plant in Uganda produces cheaper fertilizer and reduces greenhouse gas emissions

Frito-Lay Casa Grande

At Casa Grande, Frito-Lay has reduced energy consumption by nearly a fifth since 2006 by, amongst other things, installing a heat recovery system to preheat cooking oil

More Bright Ideas...

Updated: May 15th 2015